• The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    Supplier of Fresco Silicone/Felt products.
  • Healthy feet The Association of Podiatrists of Malta, The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    Healthy Feet
    The majority of the population can maintain healthy feet through education, advice and prompt care.
  • Foot xray The Association of Podiatrists of Malta, The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    A foot X-ray showing the complex bone system that makes up the human foot
  • The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    In any environment good footwear is key to preventing foot injuries. Your Podiatrist can help you identify the right footwear depending on your needs.
  • Biomechanics The Association of Podiatrists of Malta, The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    Podiatric Biomechanics is the study of human movement and related pathologies. It allows Podiatrists to interpret movements, identify problems and suggest treatment options.
  • Foot Anatomy The Association of Podiatrists of Malta, The Association of Podiatrists of Malta
    The human foot and ankle has a complex anatomy. It is composed of the outer skin layer, the vascular system, neuromuscular system and skeletal system. Any of these can develop problems during your lifetime.
Diabetic foot complications in Malta: Prevalence of risk factors
Peer Reviewed Journals

Formosa C, Gatt A, Chockalingam N. 2012. Diabetic foot complications in Malta: Prevalence of risk factors. The Foot.


The main objective of this research was to identify the prevalence of diabetes-related lower-extremity complications in a cohort of Maltese patients living with type 2 diabetes.
A retrospective study was conducted on a cohort of 243 patients living with type 2 diabetes mellitus in two Maltese Health Centre catchment areas. A convenience sampling was adopted to recruit subjects from a local pilot diabetes foot screening program. The clinical assessments used during this screening program were based on validated and previously published tools such as: neuropathy disability score, vibration perception threshold, Semmes–Weinstein monofilaments, vascular status and foot deformities were evaluated.
The results from this study demonstrate that risk factors for foot deterioration and ulceration are common in Maltese population living with type 2 diabetes. Whilst, metabolic outcomes such as hypertension and dyslipidaemia were present in most subjects, peripheral vascular disease, peripheral sensory neuropathy and foot deformities were also common.

Twenty-six per cent of the sample had to be referred for further vascular assessment following this screening program due to their critical vascular status.

A significant proportion of Maltese participants living with type 2 diabetes presented with vascular insufficiency, abnormal neural function and deformities in the feet. Metabolic outcomes such as high blood pressure and high levels of cholesterol were also highly prevalent. Strengthening of existing screening structures is imperative in order to reduce the burden of this disease in Malta.

Copyright © 2013 The Association of Podiatrists of Malta - All rights reserved
Cheap Websites Malta, Inexpensive Websites Malta, Web Development Malta Malta, Home Luxury Living Malta, Malta